Italy: variety and creativity in approaching inclusionary housing

This book brings together a range of empirical work to provide a useful overview of inclusionary housing policies from across the globe. Inclusionary housing is described as ‘a means of using the planning system to create affordable housing and foster social inclusion by capturing resources created through the marketplace’. The book using case studies from seven different countries, USA, Canada, England, Ireland, France, Spain, Italy and provide the reader with a broad but critical insight into the variety of forms the different inclusionary housing programs have taken. The Chapter 8 is dedicated to Italy: “Italy: variety and Creativity in Approaching Inclusionary Housing”. After a brief note on evaluation of the social and political contexts the chapter described the evolution of the Italian planning systems, it is articulated in three main periods: 1960s/1970s, 1970s/1980s 1990s/2000s and after. The second part of the chapter is dedicated to Housing in Italy were we described how the Italian State was direct involved in the housing policies and what happen when, the early ’90, it decided to change the your role. We described the “change of the scene” examine the ways in which some cities attempted to produce affordable housing through the planning system. We described three different approach. The first, as exemplified in the case study on Milan, emphasizes negotiations between property owners and the City at the time of a plan change, which amounted to a form of voluntary inclusionary housing. The second looks at inclusionary housing produced as part of perequazione in the city of Modena. The third -locally mandated inclusionary housing- is presented in the cities of Florence and Scandicci in Tuscany.